Female primary education and fertility reduction in India

by Anrudh K. Jain

Publisher: Population Council in New York, N.Y., U.S.A. (1 Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York 10017)

Written in English
Published: Pages: 57 Downloads: 652
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  • India.


  • Fertility, Human -- Social aspects -- India.,
  • Women -- Education -- India.

Edition Notes

StatementAnrudh K. Jain, Moni Nag.
SeriesWorking papers / Center for Policy Studies ;, no. 114 (Sept. 1985), Working paprs (Population Council. Center for Policy Studies) ;, no. 114.
ContributionsNag, Moni.
LC ClassificationsHB1049 .J35 1985
The Physical Object
Pagination57 p. :
Number of Pages57
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2296237M
LC Control Number86167268

Furthermore, the relationship between completed primary education and fertility is less dependent on mass education than is that between partial primary education and fertility because completed primary education can act to reduce fertility by making women .   The same is true of Yemen where women who completed primary education had children on average, compared to the average of children born to Author: Science Editor.   The WBG supports girls’ education through a variety of interventions. These include stipends to improve primary and secondary school completion for girls and young women, skills development programs, gender-inclusive and responsive teaching and learning, recruitment and training of female teachers, and building safe and inclusive schools for girls and young women. • Reproductive health is a human right stated in international law. • Reproductive health plays an important role in morbidity, mortality and life expectancy. • Reproductive health problems are the leading cause of women’s ill health and mortality Size: 1MB.

  They also argue that to decrease the birthrate, family planning services and primary and secondary education need to be more available and accessible. Author: Kelsey Holt. Education Leads to Lower Fertility and Increased Prosperity Brigid Fitzgerald Reading As the world continues to add close to 80 million people each year, high population growth is running up against the limits of our finite planet, threatening global economic and political stability. Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) *, female Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%), *, admin. data   Education Is Key to Reducing Child Mortality: The Link Between Maternal Health and Education. By Ann M. Veneman; In , for the first time in recent history, the total number of annual deaths among children under the age of five fell below 10 million, to million. This represents a per-cent drop in the rate of child mortality since

Reduction in child mortality is a demographic progress of significant socioeconomic development relevance in Africa. This paper analyzed the effect of maternal education and fertility on child survival in the Islands of Comoros. The Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data were used. A two-stage probit regression method was used for data by: 2. Primary completion rate, female (% of relevant age group) from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID (coronavirus). Find Out. This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself. The total fertility rate of India stands at as of If second child was born, all incentives must be revoked or returned. Decrease in fertility from births per woman to birth per woman. Plan was controversial and unpopular. Social pressure to abort a second child. Pressure to abort/kill female first child. boys to girls as of TFR = Young age structure.

Female primary education and fertility reduction in India by Anrudh K. Jain Download PDF EPUB FB2

for Fertility Reduction in India Anrudh K Jain Moni Nag The launching of the Female primary education and fertility reduction in India book Plan provides an opportunity to initiate those 'beyond family planning' measures which contribute to the overall objective of fertility reduction in India.

At the Bucharest Conference on Population, the Indian delegation was instrumental in introducing the oft-repeated slogan 'development is the best. Female infertility in India: Causes, treatment and impairment of fertility in selected districts with high prevalence. Although the 'universal access to sexual and reproductive health care' has received priority in the SDG‐3, the rural women experiencing infertility problem in India are unable to access and afford quality reproductive health care.

Women without education have a high childlessness rate but differences in childlessness rate among women with primary, secondary and higher levels of education are marginal. Table II. Childlessness rate among currently married women aged married for above 5 years, National Family Health Survey and Cited by: fertility in India had only been contributed by the illiterate and ‘below primary level’ educated women.

Figure- 1: Trends of TFR across all educational groups in India, during | Female education and its impact on fertility Researchers have observed women’s access to education in order to determine whether this has an impact on fertility. A US study compared areas by number of colleges present, and found that female college graduates have 20% fewer children, on average, than high-school graduates [1].Cited by: 2.

female education on fertility is indirect through its influence on age at marriage (or consensual union) and age of first birth. Research to date suggests that both age at marriage and age at first birth increase with female education (Bumpass, ; Busfield, ; Momeni, ).

Completed fertility, in 3. through which female education influences fertility - if such a causal link exists at all - remains far from clear (Jeffery and Basu, b). This paper is an attempt to move forward on these issues.

It examines the determinants of fertility in India in a multivariate framework, using a File Size: KB. Women’s education in India is still a hot topic of discussion.

The world average female literacy rate is %, while in India the average rate is %. As one of the most populous countries in the world, India has abundant human resource, one of the critical factors that act as harbinger of prosperity.

So much so that the World Bank thinks. The Impact of Female Education on Fertility: which suggests about a 17% reduction in teenage births.

This difference may be a conse- exploiting regional and age differences in the exposure to an Universal Primary Education (UPE) program implemented for the. In India, improved education of women in the early s resulted in voluntary fertility declines in the Indian state of Kerala.

Kerala had a population density three times the average Indian state, but the state government invested in universal education and provided greater access to family planning and, bythe fertility rates there had fallen to the second lowest in the country. WOMEN EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: PROBLEMS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR FAMILY ROLE AND STABILITY.

Uzoma Aja-Okorie. Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Nigeria. Abstract. Education helps men and women claim their rights and realize their potential in economic, political and social arenas.

Another study found that increasing female education by one year in Nigeria reduced early fertility by births. Let’s take a closer look at the causal link in Ethiopia, where 61% of women with no schooling have a child before turning 20 compared to 16% of women with 8 years of schooling.

Economic theory provides several explanations for why female education influences fertility. First, female schooling may increase the opportunity cost of childbearing and rearing among educated women (Becker, ; Schultz, ).

Second, education may lower fertility. The relation between female education and fertility has a crucial bearing on this whole debate. Indeed, female education plays a key role in the social development approach.

A large body of Indian and international evidence points to the role of rising female education in lowering fertility.3 In recent years, however, challenging questions have.

The literature generally points to a negative relationship between female education and fertility. Citing this pattern, policymakers have advocated educating girls and young women as a means to. Impact of female education on fertility in Bangladesh 19 Concerning the parity-specific fertility, the respondents time to first birth from age 12 was computed by subtracting 12 from their age at first birth.

Those who did not have any child were also included in the analysis of first birth as censored cases. Abstract This bachelor thesis examines if female education affects economic growth through human capital and fertility rate.

To illustrate this aim, two country cases have been presented: India and Niger. What has been the contribution of improvements in female education to the reduction in fertility.

Table 2 shows the application of the decomposition technique to the change in TFR as estimated from the and census data for all-India.

The TFR has been estimated to have fallen from in to inor by births per woman Cited by: India lower fertility rates. Both directly and indirectly, higher female literacy resulted in lower fertility. Despite improvements in female literacy levels in India, only about one Indi- an woman in four is liter- ate.

The percentage is even lower in rural areas, where the majority of Indians live. If the Indian government can speed the. A study on the impact of women’s education in India points out that, during that country’s “green revolution,” a time of rapid growth in agricultural production during the s and s, literate women commanded a premium dowry in the marriage market even when the return to female education in the labor market was not observed Cited by: 2.

One of the pathways through which female education lowers fertility is by expanding the “autonomy” of women in the household, especially in the reproductive sphere.

Yet, the detractors argue that the existing studies of female “autonomy” and education find the two to Cited by:   With positive signals for fertility decline emerging in sub-Saharan Africa, and development economists debating the potential for African countries to see a “demographic dividend,” it’s a good time to look more closely at the data linking female education and childbearing.

In a nutshell, data show that the higher the level of a woman’s educational attainment, the fewer children she is. The World Population Prospects has reported that India’s total fertility rate (TFR) has declined from in early Sixties to to TFR is defined as the total number of children to be born to women in her lifetime by the current age specific fertility rates.

Byit will fall tosliding further to during Author: Amitabh Kundu. Most of the papers in this volume were presented at a workshop in New Delhi (India) in Aprilalthough some revisions and additions are included.

Presenting primary evidence from India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh and existing survey and census data, the papers in this collection explore interrelated issues of women's autonomy, female education, and fertility reduction in South by: Girls' Schooling, Women's Autonomy and Fertility Outcomes in Bijnor - Patricia Jeffery and Roger Jeffery Female Education and Fertility in Bangladesh - Sajeda Amin The Influence of Marriage and the Family Links between Fertility Regulation and the Schooling and Autonomy of Women in Bangladesh - John Cleland, Nashid Kamal and Andrew Sloggett.

the context of fertility transition, these two recommended actions are consistent with the reduction of unwanted fertility through the provision of contraceptive services and reduction of wanted fertility with improvements in equality in education, health, and economic conditions (see Jain b for the comparison of population policies pre- andCited by:   To better understand the far-reaching effects of a few books and a classroom, here are the top 10 reasons why female education is important.

The Unmatched Importance of Female Education. Increased Literacy: Of the million illiterate youth across the globe, nearly 63 percent are female. A study in India by Borkotok and Unisa found that female educational levels may influence age at marriage with 87% of uneducated women married by the age of 20 years compared to 73%, 59%, and 17% of women with primary, high school, and higher education, respectively.

Moreover, this study found that delaying marriage due to higher female educational attainment increased the possibility of a woman Cited by: 1.

We use the Demographic and Health Survey of to examine the relationship between female education, contraceptive use, and fertility rates in Uganda.

Our findings reveal that female education. Better educated women have far fewer children than women with little education. There are huge differences between the fertility rates of women, depending on their education : Homi Kharas.

relationship between education and a total number of children or education and women’s age at first birth? Bangladesh government had introduced free female education in both primary and secondary level of education.

The current government is very keen to improve female education as well as reduce fertility to replacement level. So, Education is a.The Effect of Female Education on Fertility and Infant Health: Evidence from School Entry Policies Using Exact Date of Birth Justin McCrary and Heather Royer NBER Working Paper No.

June JEL No. C3, D1, I1, J2 ABSTRACT This paper uses age-at-school-entry policies to identify the effect of female education on fertility and infant health.#Kim, J. Women’s Education and Fertility: An Analysis of the Relationship between Education and Birth Spacing in Indonesia.

Economic Development and Cultural Change. 58(4), pp. #Martin, T.C. Women’s Education and Fertility: Results from 26 Demographic and Health Surveys. Studies in Family Planning.

26(4), pp.